Abstract: the article is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of reforming the local self-government system of the mountain regions. The article also considers the features of interaction between state and public self-government institutions that have developed in the process of integration of the mountain peoples into the political and socio-cultural space of the Russian state. The relevance of the topic is that now there is a need for a more detailed study of the features of the formation and further development of local self-government, as well as interaction within this system of state and public institutions within the framework of the local self-government system. The main attention of the author is focused on the features of the created and functioning system of local management of rural societies, which consisted in providing administrative and police control. Special attention is paid to the development of the transitional model, and how it made its way from the power of the village owners to elected and appointed by the head of the district officials.
Keywords: Russian Empire, North Caucasus, Russian administration, military-people’s administration, local self-government, position, rural foreman, rural assembly, rural court