Abstract: the purpose of the article is a comparative analysis of two types of states that were created in Russia in recent years: first as a result of the revolution of 1917, and then – the counter-revolution of 1991.The article considers the theoretical foundations of the socialist state, program goals, objectives, methods, the results of the construction of a new type of state by the Bolsheviks after the revolution of 1917, the degree of compliance of the built state with their plans, the reasons for the liquidation of the Soviet socialist state. The results of the construction of the social state by the Russian reformers are analyzed. Comparative analysis of the types of state allowed to reveal the general and special in this process. The total was the declared goal – the creation of a just state, some bolshevi-raising methods (the destruction of the old), priorities (preserving the state), formal and real results. The main differences are revealed: the Bolsheviks had no experience, an example of a socialist state in the world, on which one could rely, the modern Russian reformers had an example of the social states of Europe of the second half of the XX century. Contradictions of the modern Russian social state, the reasons of its discrepancy to the criteria and models existing in the world are formulated. The conclusion is made about the insufficient efficiency of the social state in Russia and the main reasons hindering the real establishment of the principles of social justice.

Keywords: justice, socialism, socialist state, social state, utopia, people